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what is meditation and how does it work?

What is meditation?

Meditating in Mountains

Meditation is deeply rooted in ancient spiritual and philosophical traditions from various cultures around the world. Meditation is a practice that connects individuals with their inner stillness and presence. It has a positive impact on physical and emotional health, from reducing blood pressure and boosting immunity to mindfulness, self-awareness, and emotional resilience. Techniques such as breath-focused meditation, mantra repetition, conscious breathing, guided visualization, and walking meditation extend into every aspect of life by cultivating inner peace, compassion, and a deeper understanding of self and others. Numerous scientific studies have validated the positive effects of meditation.

How Does Meditation Work?

Meditation works by influencing brain structure and function, leading to reduced stress and improved emotional regulation. Meditation enhances mindfulness, attention, and focus, while reducing mind-wandering. It may involve focused attention on a specific object or thought, which reduces distractions and promotes mindfulness. Regular meditation practice has been associated with increased gray matter density in brain regions related to memory, learning, and emotional regulation. It shrinks the amygdala, the part of the brain responsible for processing emotions like fear and stress.

Image by Demi Kwant
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